Intermediate Lesson 4: Subjunctive & Conditional Tenses/Diabetes & Giving Advice

(1)Subjunctive & Conditional Tenses

Description of Subjunctive Tense:

  • The subjunctive tense in Spanish is used to present a hypothetical situation or a wish.

  • It is brought about by changing the end of a verb and making sure it accommodates the

  • subject they are addressing.

  • The following charts show some of the endings that they may be changed to

Conjugations in the Subjunctive Tense

Chart of Subjunctive Tense Terms

Review of Conditional Tense:

  • Recall that in Lesson 1 we learned about the Conditional Tense as basically used to describe a “would” action.

Chart of Conditional Tense Terms

Fill in the Blank Practice

Practice what you have learned by trying to complete the following phrases by conjugating the verb in parenthesis. To reveal the correct answer, hover over the blank box.

  1. Nosotros __________________ al centro comunitario, Aguas Calientes. (ir, conditional)

  2. EL doctor __________________ que hacer. (saber, subjunctive)

  3. Yo __________________ al feria de salud. (venir, conditional)

(2) Diabetes/ Giving Advice

 

Chart of Diabetes Phrases 1

Chart of Diabetes Phrases 2

Chart of Common Advice Openers in Subjunctive Tense:

  • These openers may be used interchangeably to begin an advice sentence in the subjunctive tense.

Chart of Giving Advice Phrases in Subjunctive Tense

Chart of Common Advice Openers in Conditional Tense:

  • These openers may be used interchangeably to begin an advice sentence in the conditional tense. The person giving the advice offers it as if they were hypothetically in that situation.

Chart of Giving Advice Phrases in Conditional Tense

Quizlet

Practice what you have learned with Quizlet match. Make sure to take a screenshot when you finish!

Audio Practice

Directions: Record yourself responding to the following audio prompts as if it were a real conversation. At the end, you can review a sample conversation. 

Situation: A community member stops and asks you about diabetes.

Prompt 1

Hello, a while ago the doctor diagnosed me with diabetes, but I did not understand him very well when he was explaining it to me. Could you give me more information about the illness?

Prompt 2

What effects could that have on my health?

Prompt 3

What do you suggest I do to minimize the risk of getting those effects?

Prompt 4

Thank you! I will try to do that as much as I can. Have a good day!

Sample

Hello, a whole ago the doctor diagnosed me with diabetes, but I did not understand him very well when he was explaining it to me. Could you give me more information about the illness?

- Hello! Yes, to begin there are two types of diabetes, type one and type two. In general, diabetes is a disease associated with blood sugar.

What effects could that have on my health?

- Well, depending on the person, it can have various effects. For example, one can develop nerve damage.

What do you suggest I do to minimize the risk of getting those effects?

- I recommend that you check the sugar levels in your blood every  now and then. In addition to maintaining a diet with as many fruits and vegetables as you can, I also suggest that you sleep eight hours every night.

Thank you! I will try to do that as much as I can. Have a good day!

- You’re welcome! If you begin to feel any symptoms, you should go see a doctor. Goodbye!